Scroll to top

Sources: Woman Usurps Mobsters’ Gaming Action

Corpus Christi Caller Times (Tex.), “Cold Beauty Spurns Movies to Run Cuban Gambling Spot,” Sept. 5, 1948.

“Cosa Nostra Business Ventures — The Mafia in Cuba, Part 3,” Antonio Pillo, Jr., July 30, 2013,

Razzle Dazzle: The Elaine Townsend Story,

The Altoona Mirror (Pa.), “Hedda Hopper Writes From Hollywood,” Sept. 18, 1950.

The American Weekly, “Gambling Ladies,” Sept. 5, 1948.

The Bakersfield Californian, “New Movie to Depict Life of Woman Who Operates Gambling Games in Cuba,” Nov. 24, 1949.

The Lowell Sun (Mass.), “Hollywood,” April 28, 1950.

The Press-Telegram (Long Beach, Calif.), “Ex-schoolteacher Wears Mink Now,” Feb. 3, 1950.