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Sources: Bosa Bros.’ Mobster Great Grandfather Involved in Gambling

Calumet City General Info, “Calumet City as a White Working Town With Entertainment District (1924-1974),”

Chicago Daily Tribune (Ill.), “Vote to Indict Tony Accardo in Loop Gambling,” Dec. 17, 1943.

Chicago Tribune (Ill.), “Big Tuna,” William Brashler, Nov. 18, 1984.

Josh Will Travel, “Farewell to the Riviera Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas!” May 4, 2015,

Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, “They Can’t Shoot Everyone: Italians, Social Capital, and Organized Crime in the Chicago Outfit,” Louis Corsino, vol. 29, no. 2, 2013, pgs. 256–275,

Los Angeles Times (Calif.), “Tony Accardo; Reputed Chicago Mob Boss,” Psyche Pascual, May 28, 1992,

Rick Porello’s American Mafia, “Accardo,” John William Tuohy, June 2001,

Sports Illustrated, ” Nick Bosa and the 2019 Draft’s Oddest Note,” Jon Wertheim, May 2, 2019,

The New Yorker, “The Outfit: The Role of Chicago’s Underworld in the Shaping of Modern America,” Gus Russo, April 7, 2002,